Where there is a tiger… there is an ecosystem
Today is International Tiger Day. Tiger Day main aim behind this day is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of Tigers and to raise awareness and support about the tiger conservation. There are a total of 51 Tiger reserves in India.
India is home to 70 per cent of global tiger population. Therefore, the country has an important role to play in tiger conservation
The tiger is a unique animal which plays a pivotal role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem. It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed.
Therefore, the presence of tigers in the forest is an indicator of the wellbeing of the ecosystem. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem is not sufficiently protected, and neither would it exist for long thereafter.
Tigers depend on two things to survive, which ultimately decide their environment. The first is foliage in order for them to stalk and stay hidden. The second is prey–where there is plentiful prey, they can survive.
Where tigers succeed, food webs remain intact and ecosystems remain stable. Tigers represent a keystone species necessary for their ecosystem to survive. The extinction of a single species can lead to the disappearance of others and to the destabilization of entire ecosystems
Tiger is symbol of wilderness and well-being of the ecosystem. By conserving and saving tigers the entire wilderness ecosystem is conserved. In nature, barring human beings and their domesticates, rest of the ecosystem is wild. Hence conserving wilderness is important and crucial to maintain the life support system. So saving tiger amounts to saving the ecosystem which is crucial for man’s own survival.
National Tiger Conservation Authority as bounded excellence award for effective human resources management for involving chenchu’s in protection and management of Tiger Reserve. It goes without saying that they are the lifeline in conservation efforts in Nagarjuna Sagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve.
One of the largest tiger reserve in the country in terms of area notified, Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR) features undulating terrain, subterranean valleys and steep cliffs comprising Hardwickia forest and mixed dry deciduous forest.
The tiger reserve home to ruins of past dynasties, now provides a prime habitat for many endangered species.
The tiger reserve provides flow benefits worth Rs 16202.1 crore per year(Rs. 4.29 lakh per hectare) and stock benefits of Rs. 50129.74 crore per year.
Main ecosystem services that arise from this reserve include provisioning of water (Rs. 5055.24 crore per year), carbon sequestration (Rs. 2050.89 crore per year), climate regulation (Rs. 4301.14 crore per year) and waste assimilation (Rs. 325.14 crore per year).
Under the Total Economic Value (TEV) framework, the annual direct, indirect- benefits and option values were Rs. 101.87 crore, Rs. 12883.35 crore and Rs. 3216.19 crore, respectively.
As per the MA framework, the value of provisioning services was Rs76.70 crore per year, that of regulating services was Rs. 16041.15 crore per year and for cultural services was Rs. 1.74 crore per year.
The annual tangible and intangible benefits were found to be worth Rs. 76.70 crore and Rs. 66254.44 crore, respectively. In terms of the human values and ecosystem assets framework, the annual worth of service categories were adequate resources (Rs. 5128.94 crore), protection from disease (Rs. 24.15 crore), benign physical and chemical environment (Rs. 7827.39 crore), socio-cultural fulfilment (Rs. 4.74 crore) and ecosystem assets (Rs. 53345.92 crore).
The collective worth of ecosystem services having direct indirect impact on human health was found to be Rs. 34592.28 crore per year.
The investment multiplier for NSTR was calculated as 7488.59s.
Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve:-
Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve is the largest Tiger Reserve in the country, which spreads across 3727.82 Sq.km and we are proud to have a population of (60) Tigers in wild today.
The number is growing and this brings a harbinger of hope to this endangered species, where numbers are precarious around the world. The unique model is in place in Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve, where the Primitive indigenous Chenchu tribe plays a great role in the Tiger Protection & conservation efforts of the State and this model is lauded and appreciated by the Govt. of India.